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舒思齐,张洪涛,裴荣富,向君峰,孙张涛.矿业可持续勘查开发“四元”模型(QMM)[J].地质通报,2017,(8):1476-1482.
矿业可持续勘查开发“四元”模型(QMM)    点此下载全文
舒思齐1  2  张洪涛1  裴荣富2  向君峰2  孙张涛3
1. 中国地质调查局, 北京 100037;
2. 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所, 北京 100037;
3. 中国地质调查局地学文献中心, 北京 100081
基金项目:中国地质调查局项目《全球巨型成矿带找矿勘查方法技术研究》(编号:12120113102100)
DOI:
摘要:
      为促进矿业可持续勘查开发,从地质、环境、技术和经济4个方面研究矿业可持续勘查开发问题,运用层次分析法构建矿业可持续勘查开发"四元"模型。该模型指出只有在地质背景显示有矿、勘查开发技术可行、能实现矿床经济效益最大化且又不破坏生态环境的情况下,矿产资源勘查开发活动才是合理而非盲目的。该模型对西藏冈底斯成矿带甲玛铜多金属矿勘查开发方案进行评价。模型评价甲玛铜多金属矿现行勘查开发方案是合理的,与实际情况吻合。
关键词:可持续勘查开发  绿色矿业  生态环境  勘查开发技术  经济评价  "三率"  "三废"
Quaternion model for sustainable exploration and development of mines (QMM)    Download Fulltext
SHU Siqi1  2  ZHANG Hongtao1  PEI Rongfu2  XIANG Junfeng2  SUN Zhangtao3
1. China Geological Survey, Beijing 100037, China;
2. Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China;
3. Center of Geological Liberary, China Geological Survey, Beijing 100081, China
Fund Project:
Abstract:
      The problem of sustainable exploration and development of mines is studied from geological, environmental, technical and economic perspectives. A quaternion model for sustainable exploration and development of mines is developed based on the analytic hierarchy process. This model demonstrates that the exploration and development activities could be deemed reasonable only when they are geologically ore-bearing and technically viable and do not harm the environment while maximizing the economic benefit. Assessment on the Jiama Cu polymetallic deposit in Gangdise metallogenic belt in Tibet based on this model shows that the current exploration and development program of this deposit is reasonable, which is consistent with the real condition.
Keywords:sustainable exploration and development of mines  green mines  ecological environment  exploration and development technology  economic evaluation  three rates  three wastes
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